 # Advanced Physics Teacher Guide - PS-2879C ### Overview

In an advanced or AP Physics course, classroom time is a precious commodity.  That's why PASCO's Advanced Physics lab manual provides accurate data collection and analysis, editable labs that can be seamlessly integrated into your individual curriculum and continual assessment to ensure that students are engaged and critically thinking throughout the activity.

31 College Board curriculum and AP® Physics exam inspired activities, in two inquiry based formats and one traditional lab format.  All are editable to suit the needs of your students or to better coordinate with your classroom lectures.  All labs are also accompanied by a compete teacher's guide indicating the national science standards and College Board AP® Physics curriculum and exam correlations.

#### Features

• Labs in the following areas: Mechanics, Fluid Mechanics, Thermodynamics, Waves & Sound, Optics and Electricity & Magnetism
• Lab activities designed to emulate the open AP® Physics exam lab questions.
• Use standard AP® Physics graphical analysis techniques to help simplify complex data.

### Includes

• Spiral-bound Teacher Binder with PDF versions of each activity and a wealth of resources
• Editable Word files for each student version
• Flash Drive containing all information in electronic format
• ### Experiments

#### Mechanics

Acceleration Due to Gravity

Use a freefall adapter to calculate the acceleration of gravity and then graphically derive a linear relationship.

Air Drag

Compare the terminal velocities for various falling objects to show a relationship between the force of air drag and velocity of the falling object.

Atwood's Machine

Use a rotary motion sensor to implement a simple Atwood's machine and determine the earth's gravitational acceleration.

Circular Motion

Use a force sensor to examine the relationship between force and speed for an object in circular motion.

Coefficients of Friction

Use a force sensor and a motion sensor to determine the coefficients of friction between an object pulled across a surface and the surface itself.

Conservation of Energy

Use a photogate to measure the velocity of a cart as it passes along a flat track section from different starting positions. Then compare the cart’s initial potential energy to its kinetic energy.

Graphical Analysis of Motion

Use a motion sensor to determine the position, velocity, acceleration, and time for a variety of motion types including constant velocity and constant acceleration in order to graphically determine their relationships.

Hooke's Law

Use a force sensor and two springs to determine both Hooke's law and the spring constant of each spring.

Inclined Plane - 1-D Motion

Use a motion sensor to determine position, velocity, and time for an object with constant acceleration and derive mathematical relationships between them.

Measurement Analysis

Use a balance and meter stick to determine the relationship between the mass and radius of disks of different radii and calculate the uncertainty associated with the measured values.

Momentum & Impulse

Use a force sensor and a motion sensor to determine how the momentum and impulse associated with a collision are mathematically related.

Periodic Motion Systems

Use a force sensor to find the spring constant for an ideal spring, and then investigate how changing mass affects the period of oscillation for the mass and spring system.

Projectiles - 2-D Motion

Use a photogate to determine the initial velocity and then use this data plus initial height to predict the range of a projectile.

Rotational Dynamics

Use a rotary motion sensor to investigate factors that define and affect spinning objects.

Simple Harmonic Motion and Pendulums

Use a photogate and pendulum to determine earth's gravitational acceleration.

Work and Power

Use a force sensor, a photogate, and a meter stick to determine the amount of work done by a high-friction surface to stop a runaway cart. Calculate the power dissipated by friction in each trial.

#### Fluid Mechanics

Buoyant Force

Use a force sensor to measure the weight and gauge pressure on a metal cylinder in water as it is slowly submerged.

Static Pressure & Flow

Use a low pressure sensor to determine the relationship between static pressure and depth in a column of water, and then use that relationship to compare static pressure to the range of a projectile stream of water.

#### Thermodynamics

Gas Laws

Use an absolute pressure sensor to observe changes in pressures and volumes of gases as they apply to Boyle’s law.

Thermal Expansion

Use a rotary motion sensor and a temperature sensor to determine the coefficients of linear expansion for 3 different materials.

Water: Latent & Specific Heat

Use a temperature sensor and stainless steel temperature probe to measure the energy transfer required to change the temperature of water and then determine the latent heat of fusion of water.

#### Waves and Sound

Resonance & Waves

Use tuning forks and a plastic pipe to determine an experimental value for the speed of sound in air.

Wave Speed

Use a spring and stop watch to determine the transverse wave speed of the spring.

#### Geometric Optics

Focal Length of a Lens

Use a basic optics kit to determine the unknown focal length of a converging lens (spherical).

Index of Refraction

Use a basic optics kit to determine the index of refraction of a D-shaped acrylic lens.

Interference & Diffraction

Use a high sensitivity light sensor and a rotary motion sensor to determine the spacing between two slits on a slide with two very small closely spaced parallel slits.

Spherical Mirror Reflection

Use a basic optics kit to determine the radius of curvature of a concave spherical mirror.

#### Electricity and Magnetism

Electric Field Mapping

Use a voltage-current sensor to determine equipotential lines and electric field lines for various electrode shapes.

Electromagnetic Fields

Use a magnetic field sensor measure the magnetic field strength of two coils with different radii and number of coil windings as the current flowing through the coils is varied and measured using a voltage current sensor.

Ohm's Law & Resistors

Use a voltage-current sensor to determine how voltage, current, and resistance interact in series and parallel circuits.

RC Circuits

Use a voltage sensor to determine the unknown capacitance of a capacitor in a simple RC circuit.