In this experiment designed for use with PASCO Capstone software, light is partially polarized when reflected off a nonconducting surface and Brewster's angle is measured.
Light from a diode laser is reflected off the flat side of an acrylic semi-circular lens. The reflected light passes through a polarizer and is detected by a Light Sensor. The angle of reflection is measured by a Rotary Motion Sensor mounted on the Spectrophotometer table. The intensity of the reflected polarized light versus reflected angle is graphed to determine the angle at which the light intensity is a minimum. This is Brewster's Angle, which is used to calculate the index of refraction of acrylic.
It is possible to determine the difference in index of refraction for different wavelengths of light. This is accomplished by using a beam-splitter and a second light sensor to compensate for the variation of the laser intensity. The reflected beam intensity is normalized by the intensity of the laser. This modification to the experiment was suggested by Cristian Bahrim and Wei-Tai Hsu in the American Journal of Physics article: "Precise Measurement of the Refractive Indices for Dielectrics Using an Improved Brewster Angle Method",Vol. 77, page 337 (2009).
This product requires or recommends PASCO Capstone for data collection and analysis.