Middle School Physical Science Teacher Guide


Features 23 core lab activities that cover the fundamental concepts of Force & Motion, Energy Transfer, Electricity & Circuits, Fluids and more.

Speed and Velocity

Lab Summary

Use a motion sensor to measure the position and velocity of a moving object.


In this activity, students learn about the related concepts of speed and velocity and how to graph speed and velocity versus time. They also:

  • Observe that speed is the rate at which position changes and that average speed is the distance an object travels divided by the time it was traveling
  • Observe that a complete description of velocity includes speed, direction, and a frame of reference
  • Measure and describe their own velocity (speed and direction)


Students gain experience conducting the following procedures:

  • Setting up the equipment and work area to measure the position and velocity of a moving object
  • Measuring distance and time data and plotting it on a graph
  • Recording their own motion as they follow instructions that include distance, speed,
    direction, and time
  • Using math skills to compute rate of speed, given distance, and time

Sensors / Equipment Used:

PASPORT Motion Sensor


The PASPORT Motion Sensor accurately measures position, velocity, and acceleration of a target. Can be used to track the motion of carts, balls, people and more.

Your Bundle Options:

Option 1:

Middle School Physical Science Bundle


Equipment bundle for teaching 23 Middle School Physical Science Teacher Guide labs.

Option 2:

Middle School Science Standard Sensor Bundle


This bundle contains the probeware needed to perform all 49 lab activities in the Middle School Science through Inquiry lab manual.

Interface Required

This experiment may require software and an interface for data collection.