Featured in PASCO’s Chemistry through Inquiry Teacher Guide

Chemistry through Inquiry Teacher Guide


Features over 25 inquiry based labs covering the fundamental concepts of lab skills, structure & properties of matter, chemical reactions and more.

Graphing Mass vs Volume

Lab Summary

Use multiple mass and volume data to graphically determine the density of a substance.


Use multiple mass and volume data to graphically determine the density of a substance. Through this investigation, students:

  • Learn the process of graphing data, including scale selection, axis labeling, descriptive titling, and plotting data points.
  • Determine trends in the data by mathematically describing the lines that best fit the data, particularly linear relationships (y = mx + b) and directly proportional relationships (y = mx).
  • Discover that slope and y-intercept have meaning.
  • Identify variables as either independent or dependent


Students conduct the following procedures:

  • Calculate the volume of cubes and cylinders.
  • Determine the mass of various objects.
  • Plot both the mass and volume data of various objects on the same graph.
  • Determine the mathematical relationship between the data.

Sensors / Equipment Used:

Discover Density Set


A set of 22 separate pieces allow students to discover the relationship between density, volume, and dimensions.

Materials Used:

Balance - 2 or 3 per class
Metric ruler (or calipers) 

The Associated Bundle:

Chemistry Standard Sensor Bundle


Contains the sensors and probes needed to perform all 17 experiments in the Advanced Chemistry Teacher Guide and all 25 labs in the Chemistry through Inquiry Guide.

Interface Required

This experiment may require software and an interface for data collection.