Featured in PASCO’s Advanced Physics Teacher Guide
This manual features over 30 College Board curriculum and AP Physics exam inspired lab activities.
Inclined Plane - 1-D Motion
Use a motion sensor to determine position, velocity, and time for an object with constant acceleration and derive mathematical relationships between them.
Kinematics is the study of the motion of objects. In the AP Physics curriculum, there are three kinematics equations. Two of the three kinematics equations are derived in this experiment. For a cart accelerating down an incline, design and conduct an experiment that explores:
- Position and time for an object with constant acceleration and then uses that relationship to derive a mathematical relationship between the two.
- Velocity and time for an object with constant acceleration and then uses that relationship to derive a mathematical relationship between the two.
Students gain experience conducting the following procedures:
- Releasing a cart from rest down an incline.
- Graphing the position versus time data of the cart.
- Linearizing the subsequent data to derive one of the kinematic equations that describes the quadratic relationship between position and time.
- Determining the velocity at different points of the position-time graph.
- Creating a graph of velocity versus time to derive another kinematic equation.
Sensors / Equipment Used:
The PASPORT Motion Sensor accurately measures position, velocity, and acceleration of a target. Can be used to track the motion of carts, balls, people and more.
Equip your lab with carts and a high-quality 1.2 m aluminum track.
The Large Base and Support Rod includes built-in leveling screws and an aluminum rod that is 12.7 mm (1/2 in.) in diameter and 45 cm long.
The Associated Bundle:
This bundle contains the probeware needed to perform all 37 lab activities in the Advanced Physics lab manual.